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About German

German is the second most widely spoken Germanic language, after English. One of the major languages of the world, German is the first language to hit almost 100 million speakers worldwide and the most widely spoken native language in the European UnionIt is the most widely spoken and (co-) official language in GermanyAustriaSwitzerlandSouth Tyrol (Italy), the German-speaking Community of Belgium, and Liechtenstein. It is also one of the three official languages of Luxembourg.

The languages which are most similar to German are the other members of the West Germanic language branch: AfrikaansDutchEnglish, the Frisian languagesLow German/Low SaxonLuxembourgish, and Yiddish.

Studying German

German is an inflected language with four cases for nouns, pronouns, and adjectives (nominative, accusative, genitive, dative), three genders (masculine, feminine, neuter), and strong and weak verbs. German derives the majority of its vocabulary from the ancient Germanic branch of the Indo-European language family. A portion of German words are derived from Latin and Greek, and fewer are borrowed from French and Modern English.

Standards in studying German

WHAT IS CEFR?

The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages: as abbreviated in English as CEFR or CEF or CEFRL is a guideline used to describe a method of learning, teaching and assessing which applies to all languages in Europe. It was put together by the Council of Europe as the main part of the project "Language Learning for European Citizenship" between 1989 and 1996. Later in November 2001, a European Union Council Resolution recommended using the CEFR to set up systems of validation of language ability. The six reference levels are widely accepted and used as the European standard for grading an individual's language proficiency. Thus as a result CEFR had made it easier for educational institutions and employers to evaluate the language qualifications of candidates for admission or employment. So, it is becoming mandatory to clear the required CEFR levels for education and career purposes.

 

CEFR LEVELS:

Level group

Level group name

Level

Level name

Description

A

Basic user

A1

Breakthrough or beginner

  • Can understand and use familiar everyday expressions and very basic phrases aimed at the satisfaction of needs of a concrete type.
  • Can introduce themselves and others and can ask and answer questions about personal details such as where he/she lives, people they know and things they have.
  • Can interact in a simple way provided the other person talks slowly and clearly and is prepared to help.

A2

Way stage or elementary

  • Can understand sentences and frequently used expressions related to areas of most immediate relevance (e.g. very basic personal and family information, shopping, local geography, employment).
  • Can communicate in simple and routine tasks requiring a simple and direct exchange of information on familiar and routine matters.
  • Can describe in simple terms aspects of their background, immediate environment and matters in areas of immediate need.

B

Independent user

B1

Threshold or intermediate

  • Can understand the main points of clear standard input on familiar matters regularly encountered in work, school, leisure, etc.
  • Can deal with most situations likely to arise while travelling in an area where the language is spoken.
  • Can produce simple connected text on topics that are familiar or of personal interest.
  • Can describe experiences and events, dreams, hopes and ambitions and briefly give reasons and explanations for opinions and plans.

B2

Vantage or upper intermediate

  • Can understand the main ideas of complex text on both concrete and abstract topics, including technical discussions in their field of specialization.
  • Can interact with a degree of fluency and spontaneity that makes regular interaction with native speakers quite possible without strain for either party.
  • Can produce clear, detailed text on a wide range of subjects and explain a viewpoint on a topical issue giving the advantages and disadvantages of various options.

C

Proficient user

C1

Effective operational proficiency or advanced

  • Can understand a wide range of demanding, longer clauses, and recognize implicit meaning.
  • Can express ideas fluently and spontaneously without much obvious searching for expressions.
  • Can use language flexibly and effectively for social, academic and professional purposes.
  • Can produce clear, well-structured, detailed text on complex subjects, showing controlled use of organizational patterns, connectors and cohesive devices.

C2

Mastery or proficiency

  • Can understand with ease virtually everything heard or read.
  • Can summarize information from different spoken and written sources, reconstructing arguments and accounts in a coherent presentation.
  • Can express themselves spontaneously, very fluently and precisely, differentiating finer shades of meaning even in the most complex situations.

These descriptors can apply to any of the languages spoken in Europe, and there are translations in many languages.

For GERMAN LANGUAGE

  1. WHY IS CEFR REQUIRED?

           To evaluate the candidates proficiency of a language

  1. WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS?

            It is an international certification, recognized world-wide, it helps a candidate obtain education and employment opportunities in different sectors across the globe

  1. WHICH LANGUAGES ARE SUPPORTED BY CEFR?
  2. WHAT ARE THE CERTIFICATIONS AVAILABLE?
  • GOETHE
  • ÖSD - The Austrian Language Diploma German
  • TELC - The European Language Certificates
  • Test DaF - Test of German as a foreign language
  1. WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENCES AND BENEFITS OF THE CERTIFICATIONS?
  • GOETHE:

The Goethe-Institut GI, "English: Goethe Institute") is a non-profit German cultural association operational worldwide with 159 institutes, promoting the study of the German language abroad and encouraging international cultural exchange and relations.

The Goethe-Institut fosters knowledge about Germany by providing information on German culture, society and politics. This includes the exchange of filmsmusictheatre, and literature. Goethe cultural societies, reading rooms, and exam and language centers have played a role in the cultural and educational policies of Germany for more than 60 years. It is named after German poet and statesman Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. The Goethe-Institute is autonomous and politically independent.

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (28 August 1749 – 22 March 1832) was a German writer and statesman. His works include four novels; epic and lyric poetryprose and verse dramas; memoirs; an autobiography; literary and aesthetic criticism; and treatises on botanyanatomy, and color. In addition, there are numerous literary and scientific fragments, more than 10,000 letters, and nearly 3,000 drawings by him extant.

Goethe – Zertifikats A1 through C2 do not expire. Many institutions and employers, however, expect the certificate to be dated not more than two years ago.

Exam Locations:

A - C

Country

City

Afghanistan

Kabul

Albania

TiranaElbasan

Algeria

Algiers

Angola

Luanda

Argentina

Buenos AiresMendozaCórdoba

Australia

MelbourneSydney

Bangladesh

DhakaChittagong

Belarus

Minsk

Belgium

Brussels

Bolivia

La PazSanta Cruz de la Sierra

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Sarajevo

Brazil

BrasíliaCuritibaPorto AlegreRio de JaneiroSalvadorSão Paulo

Bulgaria

Sofia

Cameroon

Yaoundé

Canada

MontrealOttawaToronto

Chile

ConcepciónSantiago de ChileViña del Mar

China

Hong Kong

Colombia

Bogotá

Costa Rica

San José

Côte d'Ivoire

Abidjan

Croatia

Zagreb

Cuba

Havana

Cyprus

Nicosia

Czech Republic

PardubicePrague

D - J

Country

City

Denmark

ÅrhusCopenhagen

Ecuador

Quito

Egypt

AlexandriaCairo

Estonia

Tallinn

Ethiopia

Addis Ababa

Finland

Helsinki

France

BordeauxLilleLyonNancyParisStrasbourgToulouse

Georgia

Tbilissi

Germany

BerlinBonnBremenDresdenDüsseldorfFrankfurtFreiburgGöttingenHamburgMannheimMunichSchwäbisch HallWeimar

Ghana

Accra

Greece

AthensChaniaPatrasThessaloniki

Hungary

Budapest

Iceland

Reykjavík

India

AhmedabadBangaloreChennai (Madras)CoimbatoreHyderabadKolkata (Calcutta)Mumbai (Bombay)New DelhiPune (Poona)Thiruvananthapuram

Indonesia

JakartaBandungSurabaya (Goethe-Zentrum)

Iran

Tehran

Ireland

Dublin

Israel

JerusalemTel Aviv

Italy

GenoaMilanNaplesPalermoRomeTriesteTurinVerona

Japan

KyotoOsakaTokyo

Jordan

Amman

K - N

Country

City

Kazakhstan

Almaty

Kenya

Nairobi

Latvia

Riga

Lebanon

Beirut

Lithuania

Vilnius

Luxembourg

Luxembourg

Madagascar

Antananarivo

Malaysia

Kuala Lumpur

Mexico

Guadalajara, JaliscoMexico City

Mongolia

Ulanbator

Morocco

CasablancaRabatTanger

Namibia

Windhoek

Nepal

Kathmandu

Netherlands

AmsterdamRotterdam

New Zealand

Wellington

Nigeria

Lagos

Norway

Oslo

P - Z

Country

City

Pakistan

KarachiLahore

Palestinian National Authority

Ramallah

Paraguay

Asunción

Peru

Lima

Philippines

Manila

Poland

KrakówWarsaw

Portugal

LisbonPorto

Republic of Ireland

Dublin

Romania

BucharestIa?i

Russia

MoscowSaint Petersburg

Senegal

Dakar

Serbia

Belgrade

Singapore

Singapore

Slovakia

Bratislava

Slovenia

Ljubljana

South Africa

JohannesburgCape Town

South Korea

Seoul

Spain

BarcelonaCórdobaGranadaMadridSan Sebastián

Sri Lanka

Colombo

Sweden

Stockholm

Syria

DamascusAleppo

Taiwan

Taipei

Thailand

Bangkok

Togo

Lomé

Tunisia

Tunis

Turkey

AnkaraIstanbul?zmir

Ukraine

Kiev

United Kingdom

GlasgowLondonManchester

Uruguay

Montevideo

United States

BostonChicagoLos AngelesNew YorkSan FranciscoWashington, D.C.

Uzbekistan

Tashkent

Venezuela

Caracas

Vietnam

Hanoi

Zimbabwe

Harare

 

  • THE EUROPEAN LANGUAGE CERTIFICATES - TELC

The European Language Certificates, or telc language tests, are international standardized tests of ten languages. TELC GmbH is a language test provider headquartered in Frankfurt am Main. The non-profit company is a subsidiary of the German Adult Education Association (DVV). The nonprofit company telc GmbH has more than 70 certificates on offer, including general language and vocational examinations and tests for students. All telc language examinations correspond to the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR), which was published in 2001 by the Euro Council for the skill areas of listening, reading, speaking and writing. Telc language tests can be taken in EnglishGermanTurkishSpanishFrenchItalianPortugueseRussianPolish, and Arabic. The nonprofit telc GmbH is a full member of the Association of Language Testers in Europe (ALTE). Telc language exams can be taken in over 3,000 test centres more than countries, including community colleges and private language schools under the label "telc Training", telc also offers training for teachers and staff in the area of languages. The Exam dates can be set independently by each examination centre as well as the examination prices can vary from test centre to test centre. Test results are available after four to six weeks. TELC certificates are valid for an unlimited period.

 

Exam Locations:

  1.  

Albania

16

Malaysia

2

Austria

17

Philippines

3

Belgium

18

Poland

4

Bulgaria

19

Portugal

5

Croatia

20

Republic of Macedonia

6

Cyprus

  1.  

Romania

7

Czech Republic

  1.  

Russian Fed

8

France

  1.  

Serbia

9

Germany

  1.  

South Korea

10

Greece

  1.  

Spain

11

Hungary

  1.  

Switzerland

12

India in (Bangalore)

  1.  

Turkey

13

Italy

  1.  

United Kingdom.

14

Latvia

  1.  

 

15

Liechtenstein

  1.  

 

 

  • DAS ÖSTERREICHISCHE SPRACHDIPLOM DEUTSCH (ÖSD)

The Austrian Language Diploma German (ÖSD) was introduced in 1994 on the initiative of the Austrian Federal Ministries for Foreign Affairs, for Education and Culture as well as for Science and Research. It sets out a multi-level, rigorous quality criteria as follows: Examination system for German as a foreign language , which is oriented in terms of content and its implementing provisions to international framework guidelines and level descriptions (such as Learning Objectives of the Council of Europe, Common European Framework 1996 etc.). The examination system is recognized worldwide. This certificate has an unlimited validity.

The examinations are based on the level descriptions of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages ? (CEFR) and on "Profiles Deutsch".

There are currently nine examinations available:

  • ÖSD Zertifikat A1
  • ÖSD KID A1
  • ÖSD Zertifikat A2
  • ÖSD KID A2
  • ÖSD Zertifikat Deutsch Österreich B1
  • ÖSD Zertifikat B1
  • ÖSD Zertifikat B2
  • ÖSD Zertifikat C1
  • ÖSD Zertifikat C2
  • ÖSD Integrationsprüfung A2 (IP A2)
  • ÖSD Integrationsprüfung B1 (IP B1)

The exams are conducted at more than 200 licensed test centres in more than 30 countries.

 

Exam Locations:

  1.  

Albania

  1.  

Morocco

  1.  

Austria

  1.  

Macedonia

  1.  

Armenia

  1.  

Mexico

  1.  

Bulgaria

  1.  

Moldova

  1.  

Bosnia & Herzegovina

  1.  

Montenegro

  1.  

China

  1.  

Nepal,

  1.  

Estonia

  1.  

Nicaragua

  1.  

Egypt

  1.  

Philippines

  1.  

Guatemala

  1.  

Poland

  1.  

India

  1.  

Romania

  1.  

Iran

  1.  

Russian Federation

  1.  

Italy

  1.  

Sweden

  1.  

Japan

  1.  

Switzerland

  1.  

Jordan

  1.  

Serbia

  1.  

Cameroon

  1.  

South Korea

  1.  

Kazakhstan

  1.  

Tunisia

  1.  

Colombia

  1.  

Ukraine

  1.  

Kosovo

  1.  

Hungary

  1.  

Croatia

  1.  

United Arab Emirates

  1.  

Liechtenstein

 

 

 

TEST DEUTSCH ALS FREMDSPRACHE – TESTDAF:

The TestDaF, formally Test Deutsch als Fremdsprache